Society


Introduction

The Society sub-Category concerns impacts that an organization has on society and local communities.
Community members have individual rights based on:
  • United Nations (UN) Declaration, 'Universal Declaration of Human Rights', 1948
  • United Nations (UN) Convention, 'International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights', 1966
  • United Nations (UN) Convention, 'International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights', 1966
  • United Nations (UN) Declaration, 'Declaration on the Right to Development', 1986

Collective community rights and indigenous and tribal peoples’ rights are recognized by:
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 107, 'Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention', 1957
  • International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 169, 'Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention', 1991
  • United Nations (UN) Declaration, 'United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples', 2007

In terms of identity, these peoples’ rights are based on both the collective and the individual. Their right to free, prior and informed consultation in order to seek consent is a fundamental right expressly recognized in the reference points above.